Kochari is an Armenian folk dance, danced today by Armenians, Assyrians, Azerbaijanis, Kurds, Pontic Greeks and Turks. It is a form of circle dance.
Kochari is a type of dance, not a specific dance. Each region in the Armenian Highlands had its own Kochari, with its unique way of both dancing and music.[One type of "Yalli", a dance common to Azerbaijanis, Assyrians, and Kurds has different forms known as Kochari.
In Armenian, Kochari literally means "knee-come". Koch means "knee" and ari means "come".
Armenians have been dancing Kochari for over a thousand years. Dancers form a closed circle, putting their hands on each other's shoulders.
The dance is danced by both men and women and is intended to be intimidating. More modern forms of Kochari have added a "tremolo step," which involves shaking the whole body. It spread to the eastern part of Armenia after the Armenian Genocide.
Ivan Aivazovsky’s paining “Storm” was sold for 15 million korunas (about $ 705 thousand) at Prague auction, the Arthouse Hejtmanek gallery’s representative Jana Bryndova, told reporters.
The painting, dated 1898, came up for auction from one of Prague's private art collections. Its starting value was 11 million korunas (about $ 517 thousand), said Jana, adding that the final price, along with interest charges was 18.6 million korunas (about $ 874 thousand). The buyer was a collector from Russia, said Jana, TASS reported.
According to her, 15 paintings by Ivan Aivazovsky were auctioned this year. "Two thirds of paintings found new owners," the expert said.
Official opening of Armenian painter Vardan Gabrielyan’s exhibition, entitled “The Reflection of Stars,” was held Wednesday at the Council of Europe (CoE) headquarters in Strasbourg, France.
The exhibition is organized in the lead-up to the New Year and Christmas holidays, and under the auspices of the Permanent Representation of Armenia to the Council of Europe.
Heads of the permanent representations of the CoE member countries, diplomats, as well as representatives from the CoE Secretariat and the Armenian community attended the opening of this painting exhibition, which will run until December 14.
Yarkhushta (Armenian: Յարխուշտա) is an Armenian folk and martial dance associated with the highlands of the historical region of Sassoun in Western Armenia. Yarkhushta belongs to a wider category of Armenian "clap dances" (ծափ-պարեր, tsap parer). The dance is performed by men, who face each other in pairs. The key element of the dance is a forward movement when participants rapidly approach one another and vigorously clap onto the palms of hands of dancers in the opposite row .
Yarkhushta is believed to have its origins in the early Middle Ages as it is mentioned in the works of Movses Khorenatsi, Faustus of Byzantium, and Grigor Magistros.
Yarkhushta has traditionally been danced by Armenian soldiers before combat engagements, partly for ritualistic purposes, and partly in order to cast off fear and boost battle spirit.
The tune of the dance is played intentionally very loudly by two zurna hornpipes and one or more double-headed bass drums, each struck with a mallet and a stick from opposite sides of the drum's cylinder.
It has been demonstrated that the combination of zurna's high-frequency tone and the bass drums' deep, low-frequency beat create a combination of sounds with wide peak-to-peak amplitude that is capable of placing the dancers in the state of euphoric trance. This factor amplifies the effect of adrenaline/epinephrine rush that the dancing of yarkhushta usually produces.
In modern-day Republic of Armenia, yarkhushta is popular in settlements populated by resettlers from Sassoun, especially in villages around the towns of Talin, Aparan, and Ashtarak.
The dance was popularized in the late 1930s by Srbuhi Lisitsian who taught at the Yerevan Dance College. In 1957, the dance underwent further choreographic refinement by folk culture enthusiast Vahram Aristakesian and performed by folk dance troupe from the village of Ashnak.
The dance was revived in the 1980s by the folk group Maratuk and, later, by the folk ensemble Karin. There are attempts to introduce yarkhushta into curriculum of dances and songs of the Armenian Army.
There are several poems and samples of visual art that touch on the theme of yarkhushta. Among them is the poem "Dance of Sassoun" («Սասունցիների պարը») by Gevorg Emin published in 1975. The feature films Men(«Տղամարդիկ», 1972) and Yarkhushta (2004),produced by Gagik Harutyunyan.